Geocoding is the conversion of a human-readable location (e.g. Kathmandu) into a numeric/ machine-readable location, i.e. longitude and latitude (e.g. latitude: 28.0, longitude: 84.0) so that the data can be contextualised in a digital map.
- School of Data: Geocoding - the School of Data has an online course on geocoding: http://schoolofdata.org/handbook/courses/geocoding/
- OpenStreetMap - this is a map of the world created under an open license so is free to use for geocoding, and gives key information about any location, including the longitude and latitude: http://www.openstreetmap.org/
- Geocoding in GoogleDocs - This site takes you through how to geocode data in Google Docs: http://schoolofdata.org/handbook/recipes/geocoding/
- Mapbox - This is a site where you can create interactive maps which demonstrated the data that has been geocoded by location: https://www.mapbox.com/tilemill/